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The World Federalist Movement - Canada (WFMC) is a not-for-profit research, education and advocacy organization. World Federalists support the application of the principles of federalism to world affairs, in order that global governance becomes more equitable, just and democratically accountable. Our programs cover Peace and Security, Global Democratization, Responsibility to Protect and Global Governance Reforms.

Warren Allmand

The Hon. Warren Allmand P.C., O.C., Q.C. is the current National President of the World Federalist Movement – Canada. He was president of Rights & Democracy (the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development) from 1997 to 2002. This followed a 33-year career as a Member of Parliament, during which he held several cabinet posts, including Solicitor General, Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs, and Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs.

The United Nations and Human Rights (2015)

One world, one human race, universal human rights (2014)

The United Nations: A Respect for Human Rights is Essential for Peace. (2013)

Lloyd Axworthy

Dr. Lloyd Axworthy served until July 2014 as President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Winnipeg. His political career spanned 27 years, during six of which he served in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly and twenty-one in the Federal Parliament. He held several Cabinet positions, notably Minister of Employment and Immigration, Minister Responsible for the Status of Women, Minister of Transport, Minister of Human Resources Development, Minister of Western Economic Diversification and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1996-2000. He graduated in 1961 with a BA from United College (now The University of Winnipeg), and received an MA and PhD from Princeton University.

When Will Canada Rejoin the UN? (2014)

Canada, the UN and the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) (2013)

Michael Byers

Michael Byers holds the Canada Research Chair in Global Politics and International Law at the University of British Columbia. He is the author of International Law and the Arctic (Cambridge University Press), which won the 2013 Donner Prize for the best book on Canadian public policy.

The UN and the Law of the Sea: From the Arctic to the South China Sea (2014)

The UN and the Law of the Sea: from the Arctic to the South China Sea (2013)


Monique Cuillerier

Monique Cuillerier is the Membership and Communications Director of the World Federalist Movement – Canada.

Canada can and should do more to help United Nations Peacekeeping (2015)

Ferry de Kerckhove

Ferry de Kerckhove entered the Canadian Foreign Service in 1973. His postings included Iran, NATO, Moscow, High Commissioner to Pakistan and Ambassador to Indonesia and Egypt. He retired from the Foreign Service in 2011. He is a Senior Fellow at the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa, Senior Fellow of the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, and Executive Vice President of the Conference of Defense Associations Institute. He is a board member of WIND Mobile Canada. He is President of Ferry de Kerckhove International Consultants Inc.

Canada: absent and invisible (2014)

Canada and International Organizations: Time for Better Recognition (2013)

Walter Dorn

A. Walter Dorn is Professor of Defence Studies at the Royal Military College and the Canadian Forces College. He teaches mid-level and senior officers from Canada and a score of other nations. He currently serves on the UN’s Expert Panel on Technology and Innovation in UN Peacekeeping.

Unprepared for peace: A decade of decline in Canadian peacekeeping (2014)

Unprepared for peace: A decade of decline in Canadian peacekeeping (2013)

Yves Fortier

L. Yves Fortier is recognized as one of the top arbitrators in the world. Since 1 January 2012, he has been a sole practitioner with offices in Montreal, Toronto and London. In the past 20 years, he has served as Chairman or party-appointed arbitrator on more than 100 international arbitral tribunals, either ad hoc or constituted by different arbitral institutions.

He is a past President of the Canadian Bar Association. From 1984 to 1989 he was a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. From 1998 to 2001, he served as President of the London Court of International Arbitration. From July 1988 until January 1992, Mr. Fortier took leave from his law practice to take up an appointment as Canada’s Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York.

Canada and the Security Council, Then and Now: A View from Within (2013)

Robert Fowler

Bob Fowler was the Foreign Policy Advisor to Prime Ministers Trudeau, Turner and Mulroney, Deputy Minister of National Defence, Canada’s longest serving Ambassador to the UN, Ambassador to Italy, and Personal Representative for Africa of Prime Ministers Chrétien, Martin and Harper. He retired in 2006 and is a Senior Fellow at the University of Ottawa’s Graduate School of Public and International Affairs.

Why Canada was not elected to the Security Council four years ago, and why we will never be elected unless and until there is a fundamental change in our foreign policy (2014)

Why Canada was not elected to the Security Council four years ago, and why we will never be elected unless and until there is a fundamental change in our foreign policy (2013)

Louise Fréchette

Madame Louise Fréchette is the chair the Board of CARE Canada and is a member of the Board of CARE International. From 1998 to 2006, Madame Fréchette was Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations. Prior to this, she pursued a career in the Public Service of Canada, serving notably as Ambassador to Argentina and Uruguay (1985-1988), Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations (1992-1994), Associate Deputy Minister of Finance (1995) and Deputy Minister of National Defence (1995-1998). Madame Fréchette studied at the University of Montreal and the College of Europe in Bruges, and has been awarded many honorary degrees. She is an Officer of the Order of Canada.

Reforming the UN, One Step At A Time (2014)

Gilles Gingras

At the Department of Foreign Affairs, Gilles Gingras worked in the UN and  Commonwealth Affairs Division, International Organization Directorate. In the course of his career he was on posting in New York, Abidjan, Paris, Washington and Oslo. In  2003, he taught classes on international organizations at the Sherbrooke University’s
École de Politique appliquée. Since 2004, he has been Vice-Chair of the United Nations Association in Canada-Greater Montreal.

The UN, Canada and the International Civil Aviation Organization (2013)

Christian Holz

Dr. Christian Holz is currently a SSHRC Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Ottawa’s School of Political Studies. Prior to joining the University of Ottawa, he served as the Executive Director of Climate Action Network Canada, a network of nearly 100 organizations committed to working together to advance action on climate change at all levels of government in Canada. For the past decade he has also been involved with Climate Action Network International, engaging in various roles related to their advocacy work at the UN climate change negotiations. His main research interests are the role of equity and fairness as enablers of ambitious action in domestic and international climate policy and the role of civil society in international climate change politics.

Canada as Pariah in International Climate Politics (2014)

Naomi Kikoler

Naomi Kikoler is a Canadian human rights lawyer who serves as the Director of Policy and Advocacy at the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect in New York. A graduate of the University of Toronto, Oxford, and McGill’s Faculty of Law, she has worked for the United Nations, Amnesty International, the Brookings Institution and serves as an advisor to organizations on conflict and mass atrocity prevention and international human rights and humanitarian law.

R2P – Getting Back in the Game, Easier than Some Might Think (2014)

Shannon Kindornay

Shannon Kindornay is a researcher at The North-South Institute. Her research interests include development cooperation, governance of the aid architecture, aid effectiveness, and aid and the private sector. Her current work includes a major study that explores how the post-2015 sustainable development goals can be applied to Canada. She holds an MA from Carleton University’s Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) and a BA in Global Studies and Political Science, from Wilfrid Laurier University.

Realizing the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals in Canada and Abroad (2015)

The UN’s Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals and Canada (2014)

Peter Langille

Dr. H. Peter Langille is a senior research fellow in the Centre for Global Studies, University of Victoria.  He was an early recipient of the Hanna Newcombe Lifetime Achievement Award from the World Federalist Movement – Canada for his numerous contributions in support of more effective UN peace operations.

Revitalizing an Agenda for Peace (2014)

Preparing for Peace (2013)

Carolyn McAskie

Carolyn McAskie has had a career in the Canadian International Development Agency, as Assistant Deputy Minister (ADM) for Multilateral Affairs, and ADM for African Programs, followed by almost a decade in the United Nations, as Assistant Secretary General Humanitarian Affairs, as SRSG of the UN Mission in Burundi and ASG Peacebuilding (launching the UN’s new Peacebuilding Commission). She has served abroad in Kenya; with the Commonwealth Secretariat in London, UK; and as Canadian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka as well as in Burundi with the UN. She has played a prominent role in political, developmental and financial negotiations: as a Canadian delegate to the UN Funds and Programmes and the International Financial Institutions; as a member of the Facilitation Team of the Burundi Peace Process in Arusha under the late Julius Nyerere, the former President of Tanzania; as Envoy of the UN Secretary General for the humanitarian crisis in Cote d’Ivoire; and as a senior official of the Canadian Government and in the United Nations.

United Nations Peacebuilding in the Twenty-First Century (2015)

Preface (2014)

Canada’s Self-interest and the United Nations (2013)

Marilou McPhedran

Marilou McPhedran is a human rights lawyer who served as the Principal (dean) of the University of Winnipeg’s Global College in its founding years from 2008-2012 and  currently teaches human rights at the Global College. In 1997 Marilou founded the  International Women’s Rights Project (IWRP) when she was at York University, which  is now based at the University of Victoria Centre for Global Studies and she currently directs the University of Winnipeg Institute for International Women’s Rights and teaches human rights courses at the Global College.

She was the only Canadian to be invited by the High Commissioner for Human Rights to  present in the 23rd Session of the UN Human Rights Council on the panel entitled Setting Priorities for the Future: Strengthening the Work of the Human Rights Council and other Inter-governmental Bodies and Processes in the area of violence against women.

How the Canadian government can improve its record on women’s rights (2015) with Megan Nobert

The UN, UN Women and Canada (2013)

Peggy Mason

Peggy Mason is President of the Rideau Institute on International Affairs. While Canada’s Ambassador for Disarmament to the UN, she chaired UN expert studies on disarmament verification and the regulation of small arms and light weapons. Since 1996 Peggy Mason has increasingly focused on UN post-conflict peacebuilding and the role of military forces in supporting a comprehensive peace process. She works with several civil society organizations and initiatives, including civil society promotion of peace talks in Afghanistan. Peggy Mason was inducted into the Honour Society of the University of Ottawa’s Faculty of Common Law in 2003.

Why UN Peacekeeping is Indispensable (2014)

Errol Mendes

Professor Mendes is a lawyer, author, professor and has been an advisor to corporations,  governments, civil society groups and the United Nations where he assisted in the development of the UN Global Compact. He has acted as a human rights Tribunal and Boards of Inquiry adjudicator in Canada, acted as an international arbitrator on several occasions, served in the highest levels of the Canadian federal public service in the Privy Council Office of the Government of Canada and most recently served as a Visiting Professional at the International Criminal Court.

He was appointed as a Visiting Fellow at Harvard Law School for the fall of 2013. His areas of expertise include private and public sector governance and social responsibility, international law, constitutional law and human rights law and policy. He has taught in these areas at law schools across Canada and is presently a full professor of Law at the University of Ottawa in the nation’s capital. He has been a Project Leader for conflict resolution, governance and justice projects in China, Thailand, Brazil and Sri Lanka. He has lectured and given media commentaries in his areas of expertise across Canada and the world and has lectured on these topics in the United States, Europe, Asia and Latin America. He is the author, co-author or editor of six books in his area of expertise. His most recent is titled “The Court of Last Resort; Peace and Justice at the International Criminal Court.”

Canada, its Human Rights Record and the UN (2013)

Alex Neve

Alex Neve has served as Secretary General of Amnesty International Canada since 2000. In that role he has carried out numerous human rights research missions throughout Africa and Latin America, and within Canada. He speaks to audiences across the country about a wide range of human rights issues, appears regularly before parliamentary committees and UN bodies, and is a frequent commentator in the media. Alex is a lawyer, with an LLB from Dalhousie University and a Masters Degree in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex. Alex has been named an Officer of the Order of Canada, a Trudeau Foundation Mentor and has received an honorary Doctorate of Laws degree from the University of New Brunswick.

Canada, Human Rights and the UN: It Starts at Home (2014)


Megan Nobert

Megan Nobert is a Canadian born international criminal and human rights lawyer. She is currently working as an independent consultant and activist while she completes her Doctorate of Law on gendercide at Tilburg University.

How the Canadian government can improve its record on women’s rights (2015) with Marilou McPhedran

Diana Rivington

Diana Rivington is a Senior Fellow in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ottawa with a cross assignment between the School of International Development and Global Studies and the Institute of Feminist and Gender Studies. She is also a consultant with expertise in gender equality and social equity. She enjoyed a long career at the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) where her last assignment was as Director, Human Development and Gender Equality. Ms. Rivington is a member of the McLeod Group.

Gender Equality and the United Nations: Can Canada get back in front? (2014)

Douglas Roche

The Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C., is an author, parliamentarian and diplomat, who has specialized throughout his 40-year public career in peace and human security issues. Mr. Roche was a Senator, Member of Parliament, Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament, and Visiting Professor at the University of Alberta.  He was elected Chairman of the United Nations Disarmament Committee at the 43rd General Assembly in 1988.  In 2009, he received the Distinguished Service Award of the Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians for his “promotion of human welfare, human rights and parliamentary democracy in Canada and abroad.”  He is an Officer of the Order of Canada.  In 2011, the International Peace Bureau nominated him for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Hitting the re-set button: Canada’s role in arms control and disarmament (2015)

Canada and the Humanitarian Movement to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (2014)

Canada’s Role in Banning Nuclear Weapons (2013)

Alan Rock

Allan Rock is President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ottawa, a position he has held since July 2008. In 2003 he was appointed Ambassador of Canada to the United Nations, where he was an outspoken advocate of human rights, human security and reforming the UN. At the 2005 World Summit he led the successful Canadian effort to secure the adoption by world leaders of the Responsibility to Protect doctrine, which aims to strengthen UN efforts to protect populations from genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

In 1993, he was elected as the Member of Parliament for Etobicoke-Centre and named Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. He has also served as Minister of Health, Minister of Industry and Minister of Infrastructure.

This paper benefits greatly from work done by David Malone in 2006 and from research assistance provided by Anaïs Desjardins-Charbonneau.

Selecting the Secretary-General: How to Improve the Process (2014)

Julia Sanchez, President and CEO, Canadian Council for International Cooperation

Julia Sanchez is the President-CEO of CCIC (Canadian Council for International Co-operation). She came to this position in August 2011 with more than 18 years of experience in top‐level international development management, including 13 years working in developing countries. Prior to joining CCIC, she served as Regional and National Campaigns Director for the Global Campaign for Climate Action (GCCA/ and prior to that worked for 14 years at the Centre for International Studies and Cooperation (CECI), one of Canada’s oldest and largest international development agencies. She held numerous positions during her time with CECI such as Project Team Leader, Regional Representative for Central America, Coordinator of Humanitarian Assistance and Reconstruction, and Regional Director for Asia. She has also worked as a consultant with Oxfam Great Britain, with USAID, and in partnership with the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and a variety of other donor agencies such as IDB, ADB, UNHCR, etc. Julia completed a double major in Political Science and Economics at McGill University (1985) and returned to McGill for an MA in Economics (1996), after doing several years of development work in Bolivia. Her specialization is in development and international economics.

Civil Society, Canada and the United Nations: Partnering for the Future (2013)

Ian Smillie

Ian Smillie has lived and worked in Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Bangladesh. He was a founder of the Canadian NGO, Inter Pares and was Executive Director of CUSO. He has worked at Tufts and Tulane Universities and as a development consultant with many Canadian, American and European organizations. He is the author of several books, including The Charity of Nations: Humanitarian Action in a Calculating World (2004, with Larry Minear), Freedom from Want (2009), Blood on the Stone: Greed, Corruption and War in the Global Diamond Trade (2010), and Diamonds (2014). Ian Smillie participated in the creation of the Kimberley Process and he chairs the Diamond Development Initiative.

The UN and Humanitarian Assistance: A Little Respect, Please (2014)

The United Nations and Humanitarian Assistance (2013)

John Trent

John E. Trent is a Fellow of the Centre on Governance at the University of Ottawa, where he was formerly a professor and chair of the University’s Department of Political Science. Publications include: “The need for rethinking the United Nations: modernizing through civil society”, (in Bob Reinalda ed., Routledge Handbook of International Organization, Abingdon, Routledge, 2013: pp.391 – 402); Modernization of the United Nations System: Civil Society’s Role in Moving from International Relations to Global Governance, (Barbara Budrich Publishers, Upladen, Germany, 2007); The United Nations System (with Chadwick Alger and Gene Lyons, Tokyo, United Nations University Press 1995). Professor Trent is the former Secretary General of the International Political Science Association (IPSA), Executive Director of the Social Science Federation of Canada, a founding Vice-President of the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS), past-president of the Société québécoise de Science politique and a member of the International Social Science Council.

Let Canada take the lead at the UN – As it used to do (2015)

Rethinking the United Nations (2014)

Re-thinking the UN (2013)


Fergus Watt

Fergus Watt is the executive director of the World Federalist Movement – Canada.

Canada can lead in strengthening the rule of law and preventing atrocity crimes (2015)

Kathryn White

Kathryn White is the President and CEO of the United Nations Association in Canada (UNAC), a position she has held since 2003. She also serves as Chair of the Board of the World Federation of UN Associations (WFUNA). Prior to her work at UNAC, she had been the head of Black & White Inc. an Ottawa-based international consultancy specializing in policy research, education and citizen engagement, integrating risk management and risk perception into initiatives and solutions. She has been recognized nationally and internationally for her leadership in issues ranging from youth-at-risk, climate change, disaster and crisis response and mitigation, corporate social responsibility, international peacebuilding and conflict resolution. Her work successfully adapts policy questions and research into viable policy solutions and options for managers, executives, and senior public- and private-sector decision makers.

Canadian Perceptions of the United Nations (2014)

The UN and the Post-2015 Development Agenda (2013)

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